Why Do Motorcycle Accidents Result in Brain Injury?
Florida Motorcycle accidents are one of the leading cause of fatal injuries on the road. Motorcycle accidents are among the most dangerous of all road injuries in the US. This is in large part due to a blow to the skull causing severe trauma. Riding a motorcycle without a helmet exposes riders to exponential risks. Some of these risks include permanent brain damage and fatalities.
What risks do motorcycle accidents pose to the brain?
This Shaked Law Firm Blog article provides a clear picture of motorcycle accidents and co-occurring Traumatic Brain Injury. Within this article, we discuss the long-term effects of TBI.
First, a look at Traumatic Brain Injury as a result of Florida motorcycle accidents. Usually, motorcycle accidents are due to someone else’s negligence. This means a victim who abides by their state’s laws and takes proper precautions can still sustain injuries by no fault of their own.
What causes TBI during motorcycle accidents?
During motorcycle accidents with TBI, the direct impact to the head causes the brain to move back-and-forth inside the skull. The force of the blow causes bruising, bleeding, and shearing of the brain, resulting in TBI. Traumatic Brain Injury classification has three levels of severity.
What are the (3) three levels of TBI?
- Mild: awake with eyes open. Symptoms vary but can include confusion, disorientation, headache, loss of memory and consciousness. Mild TBI occurs when a victim sustains a concussion.
- Moderate: Lethargic with eyes open and responsive to stimulation. Loss of consciousness can occur and last anywhere from 20 minutes to 6 hours. Cranial edema and bleeding of the brain can cause sleepiness. The victim should not sleep with this type of injury. Waking the victim may pose difficulty, but they are not unconscious.
- Severe: Unconsciousness occurs. Eyes will not open no matter the stimulation. Loss of consciousness is usually longer than 6 hours.
What is a focal injury?
When one portion of the brain suffers TBI due to motorcycle accident, this is a “focal” injury. Focal injuries are serious and pose as much risk to life as injuries affecting more than one area of the brain. A focal injury is a life-threatening medical situation, thus requiring immediate medical attention. With focal injury, a victim is at-risk for permanent brain damage if doctors do not treat them in time.
What are the (3) three types of focal injury?
When it comes to brain injury, it’s important to differentiate the (3) three types of focal injury to best assess the risks:
- Contusion: “Contusion” is the term medical professionals use for a bruise. A contusion to the brain occurs due to impact to the skull.
- “Coup” or “Countercoup”: in a Coup injury, the brain is directly under the area of impact. In a Countercoup the brain sustains an injury on the opposite side of impact.
- Hematoma: defined by medical professionals as “a solid swelling of clotted blood within the tissues.” A hematoma occurs when a blood vessel within the brain ruptures. The ensuing blood that escapes the bloodstream begins to clot as the body’s natural defense against excessive bleeding.
What are diffuse brain injuries?
When the entire brain sustains injuries in a motorcycle accident, this injury is “diffuse”. Diffuse injuries are complex. These injuries put the victim is at-risk for permanent brain damage, coma, or death.
What are the (3) three types of diffuse injuries?
Let’s differentiate the three types of diffuse TBI injuries to under the risk posed by each:
- Concussion is a mild form of brain injury that often causes brief loss of consciousness. Under normal circumstances concussions do not cause permanent brain injury. In severe concussions, “post-concussion syndrome” can occur days to weeks following a blow to the head.
- Traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage causes bleeding within the skull around the brain. This space is normally filled with CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) acting to protect the brain from sustaining injury. When the skull suffers blunt force trauma during a head on collision, the space fills with blood. This has long term and wide ranging effects on the victim.
- Diffuse axonal injury is shearing nerve cells within the brain. “DAI” occurs when the brain rapidly moves back and forth within the skull and nerve axons tear. This causes a “shearing” effect. Depending on the level of shearing, substantial changes in consciousness ensue.
What are victims’ rights after Florida motorcycle accidents resulting in brain injury?
Following a motorcycle accident, seek expert legal advice from a credible Personal Injury law firm right away.
After a hit and run, motorcycle, or car accident, victims’ right to justice matters. After a reckless driver causes a motorcycle accident and TBI occurs, victims must seek maximum compensation. For those with permanent pain and suffering after TBI, a Board Certified Personal Injury lawyer can mean there’s a road to recovering quality of life.